Halacha Food 8th Elul 5769

 

Halacha – Food – 8th Elul, 5769

RevachL'Neshama

When To Ignore Your Children

The Mechaber in the Shulchan Aruch paskens, that one may not answer amen to a bracha made by a tinuk (215:2). However, the Mechaber writes that if a katan above the age of chinuch makes a bracha for himself one may answer amen (215:3). The Mishna Berurah learns from there that if a katan who has not reached the age of chinuch makes a bracha one may not answer amen to his bracha (215:16). While the age of chinuch varies from child to child, the Piskei Teshuvos writes that for this purpose it is roughly the age of 5 (215:8).

However, many poskim hold that one may answer amen to a bracha made by a katan from the time he knows how to properly make a bracha (Piskei Teshuvos 215:8:46). It is brought down that the Steipler would answer amen to a bracha made by children over the age of 3 to teach them that one must always answer amen after hearing a bracha.

To alleviate this concern, R’ Shlomo Zalman Aurbach would answer amen without the “nun” at the end and simply say “ame” – this way the katan would think he was answering amen and learn that one must always answer amen, yet he would not really be answering amen to a bracha made by a katan who has not reached chinuch age.

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Halacha Tshuvos 8th Elul 5769

 

Halacha – Tshuvos – 8th Elul, 5769

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Divrei Malkiel & Rav Chaim Kanievsky: Naming Two Sons The Same Name? How About A Son & Daughter?

Dovid HaMelech had two sons named Elishama and two sons named Elipelet. Similarly Rav Chisda had two sons named Mar. Are we allowed to give the same name to more than one of our children? The Divrei Malkiel (3:75) discusses this after being asked if a person can name his son and daughter both with the name Simcha.

He says that since this is not a Din Gamur it is hard to really delve into it. However he distinguishes between the two approaches to naming. In days long gone by, people would name their children based on occurrences that transpired to them. Therefore, when appropriate, there is nothing stopping a person from naming another child with the same name. However choosing a name in this manner requires Ruach HaKodesh, which we lack, so we give names of our ancestors. That being the case it would be would be disrespectful to name two children after your parent.

The Divrei Malkiel says there is no difference between two brothers or a sister and brother and they should also not have the same name. Furthermore the Divrei Malkiel wonders how people use boys names for girls since this presents numerous problems. As a “Zecher L’Davar” he brings the pasuk of Lo Silbash, cross-dressing. However on this last point Rav Chaim Kanievsky (Taama Dikra Ki Seitzei) argues and brings 65 examples from Navi, Medrash, and Shas where we see the same name was used for both a girl and a boy.

Important Note: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. One should learn the tshuva to verify the accuracy of our interpretation. Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Halacha Tshuvos 5th Elul 5769

 

Halacha – Tshuvos – 5th Elul, 5769

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Rav Chaim Kanievsky & Pele Yo’etz: Can You Eat Before Feeding Your Children?

It is forbidden to eat prior to feeding one’s animals. How about eating prior to feeding your young children? The Pele Yoetz says that if one may not eat before the animals certainly it is forbidden to eat prior to feeding your young children who are dependent on you for their food. However R. Chaim Kanievsky Shlit’a says that the Pele Yoetz is only saying that b’Derech Musar, but Mi’Ikar ha’Din one may eat before the children as the Halachah only applies to animals, not to children.

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Halacha Food 1st Elul 5769

 

Halacha – Food – 1st Elul, 5769

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When Your Bracha Transforms The Food

The Mishna Berurah writes (167:97) that one may not give an animal, bird or non-Jewish person a piece of the bread that he recited the Bracha of Hamotzi on. He explains that if one recited a hamotzi (as done typically on Shabbos) on a challah, one may not give a non-Jew a piece of that challah.

The Piskei Teshuvos (167:29) quotes from the Sefer Chasidim that this halacha applies to any food or drink that a bracha was recited on and not just to challah.

The Piskei Teshuvos writes there are those who take this one step further and pasken that any food that was on a table while divrei torah were said, should not be given to an animal, bird or non-Jew. This would seem to apply to a Shabbos seuda, where although a bracha is not made on any of the food other than the challah, since there is divrei torah said at the meal one should not give any of the leftovers from the table to an animal, bird or non-Jew to eat.

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Halacha Tshuvos 29th Av 5769

 

Halacha – Tshuvos – 29th Av, 5769

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Rav Moshe Shternbuch: Does A Baal Tshuva Need To Pay Back-Maaser?

A seventy year old man became a Baal Tshuva and had never given Maaser. He calculated that he owed approximately 200,000 and he only had 30,000 in his bank account. If the Halacha calls for him to pay the Maaser he was willing to use all of his savings! Rav Moshe Shternbuch (ShuT Tshuvos VHanhagos 2:483) paskened that he need not pay past Maaser and that he should only give 10% of his 30,000 to tzedoka for the following reasons.

1.  Maaser on monetary earnings is only a Minhag. Even according to those that it is Min HaTorah it is only when the earnings are before you and not when it has already been spent.
2.  The Mitzva of Maaser is a wise investment. It is a way of bringing Hashem into your business as a partner. With a partner like Hashem the investment is bound to bare fruits. Once the money is already spent this is not relevant.
3.  The Halacha is that those who charge Ribis (interest) when they repent and want to return the money, the borrower should not accept because this will make it easier for sinners to do tshuva. In this case there isn’t even any specific person to return it to.

Rav Shternbuch praises the questioner and says fortunate is the nation that serves their Master and fortunate is the King who has children like this.

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Halacha Tshuvos 28th Av 5769

 

Halacha – Tshuvos – 28th Av, 5769

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Rav Moshe Shternbuch: Should You Wear Tcheiles in Your Tzitzis??

The Radziner Rebbe found what he considered to be authentic Tcheiles. The Rabbonim of his generation did not accept the wearing of Tcheiles or encourage others to do so. This very much disturbed the Radziner Rebbe since there was no downside to wearing it, even it is not authentic. Best case, if it is the real thing you are mikayem the mitzvah of wearing tcheiles in you tzitzis. If not, it is anyway permissible to have tzitzis of different colors.

Rav Moshe Shternbuch in his tshuvos (1:26) conjectures that the reason for this explicit rejection is that since if one thinks his tcheiles is real and in fact it isn’t, he can be “Oveir” Baal Tosif for having in mind to do a mitzvah of wearing extra colors that the Torah never commanded. Moreover says Rav Shternbuch now that it hasn’t been accepted (unless you are a Radziner Chasid or you have a family minhag) if someone wears it he can be “oveir” on “Lo Sisgodidu” which is an issur for creating splinters within the community.

On an aggadic note he adds that Tcheiles is a relevant reminder in days when there is Giluy Shechina. That’s why it disappeared after the days of the Tannaim. He finds it hard to believe that nowadays we have reached any significant level that we have merited the return of authentic Tcheiles and we will probably need to wait for Moshiach to get the real thing.

Disclaimer: We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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Halacha Tshuvos 27th Av 5769

 

Halacha – Tshuvos – 27th Av, 5769

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Be’er Moshe: Alone In The House At Night?

The gemara in Shabbos (151b) says that you should not sleep in a house alone. Someone asked the Debriciner Rav (Be’er Moshe 3:45) what should he do during the summer when his family is away in the summer home and he is alone. He answered that if he keeps a light on his room it is okay to sleep alone since the gemara in Brachos says (43b) that a fire is equivalent to another person. Furthermore the Yerushalmi (Shabbos 2:6) adds the word “dark” house. Therfore leaving on a light would resolve the issue.

Although the Mogen Avrohom seems to assur, the Sdei Chemed brings opinions that hold that if you are alone in a room but there are people in other rooms in the house you can be “Meikil”. The Kaf HaChaim says that sleeping in house with Mezuzos and Seforim is not sufficient grounds to sleep alone.

Disclaimer: Our only goal is to introduce a interesting Sheilah and not pasken Halacha. We try to convey the Tshuva to the best of our ability. We admit that our understanding may not be accurate. Please also understand that this Tshuva may not be the final word on this topic. One should consult a Rav before drawing any conclusions.

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