AZAMRA’S DIARY, 11th – 25th Tishri 5771

11-25 Tishri 5771 – 19 September – 3 October 2010

DIARY
11-25 Tishri 5771
19 September-3 October 2010

Sunday 19 September / 11 Tishri
Today is called Shem HaShem ("the Name of HaShem", see Likutey Moharan II, 66) since His Name is "completed" through our Yom Kippur repentance and atonement. On this day, immediately following Moses’ final descent from Mount Sinai, he instructed Israel to contribute to the building of the Sanctuary, which is itself a revelation of the Name of G-d. It is appropriate to build and prepare the Succah, which is a prototype of the Sanctuary.

In the days leading up to the festival of Succot it is necessary to build one’s Succah and to purchase one’s Lulav (1 palm branch), Etrog (1 citron), Hadass (3 myrtle branches) and Aravot (2 willow branches) in preparation for the mitzvah of the Four Kinds on the coming festival. It is advisable to procure the Aravot at the last possible moment before the festival since they dry very quickly. (Keeping them wrapped in a damp cloth or silver paper in a refrigerator may help delay this.)
 

Wednesday 22 September / 14 Tishri
Eve of Succot

There is no better preparation for the coming festival of Succot than to provide food and other festival needs for the needy, and thus it is customary to give charity generously today. Prior to the beginning of Yom Tov one should prepare the Succah for the evening meal. The four kinds should be prepared before the beginning of the festival since the Lulav, Hadass and Aravot must be tied together (symbolizing unity) but tying a knot is forbidden on Yom Tov, though a bow is permissible.

Eiruv Tavshilin (Diaspora): Since the two days of Yom Tov of Succot (Thursday-Friday 23-24 September) are followed immediately by Shabbat, in order to cook on Yom Tov on Friday for the coming Shabbat, it is necessary to prepare Eiruv Tavshilin on Wednesday afternoon prior to the commencement of Yom Tov. For further information on the mitzva of Eiruv Tavshilin click here.

Wednesday night 22 September / 15 Tishri
First night of Succot
On the first night of Succot it is a Torah mitzvah to eat bread in the Succah (parallel to the mitzvah of eating Matzah on the first night of Pesach) in memory of the Exodus from Egypt and the Clouds of Glory with which G-d encompassed Israel in the wilderness.

Wednesday night-Thursday 22-23 September / 15 Tishri
First day of the Festival of Succot

Information about the laws, customs and prayers of Succot is available in the festival prayer book (Machzor) and on Internet. The Haftara on first day of Succot is Zechariah chapter 14, which speaks about the War of Gog and Magog, which will take place on the festival of Succot.
The first day of Succot is the anniversary of the birth and death of the patriarch Jacob.

Thursday night 23 September / 16 Tishri
In memory of the Temple ceremony of Simchat Beit Hasho’evah, drawing pure water from the Shiloah spring on the southern slope of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem for the unique water libation on the Temple altar each day of Succot, it is customary on each of the nights of Chol HaMoed Succot to gather in the synagogue for the recital of Psalms 120-134 to the accompaniment of music, song, dance and joy. It is said that Jonah came to prophecy through the joy of the Temple Simchat Beit Hasho’evah. Observance of Simchat Beit Hasho’evah starts in Israel tonight and in Diaspora tomorrow night, Sunday 4 October.

Thursday night-Friday 23-24 September / 16 Tishri
Second day of Succot

In Israel today is the first day of Chol HaMoed, the intermediate days of the festival, when necessary labors are permitted. However, in the Diaspora today must be observed as the second day of Yom Tov. Both in Israel and the Diaspora, the Four Kinds are taken today. Many endeavor to make the blessing over the Four Kinds as early after the sunrise as possible, even before one’s morning prayers, preferably in the Succah.

Friday night-Saturday 24-25 September / 17 Tishri
Shabbat Chol HaMo’ed, Sabbath of Intermediate Days of Succot
T
he Arba Minim (Four Kinds: Lulav, Etrog, Hadass and Arava) are not taken on Shabbat. Prior to the Torah reading in the synagogue it is customary to read Kohelet (Ecclesiastes).Today’s Haftara reading is Ezekiel 38:18-39:16 which speaks about the War of Gog and Magog, which will take place on Succot.

Saturday night-Sunday 25-26 September / 18 Tishri
Fourth day of Succot

Today is the 200th Yahrzeit of the outstanding Chassidic luminary, Rebbe Nachman of Breslov (1772-1810). R. Nachman-lovers all over the world will be gathering for special celebrations and festive meals (often held in the late afternoon on Sunday, corresponding to the time of the Rebbe’s ascent from this world) accompanied by singing and dancing and words of encouragement to practice his teachings.
Join AZAMRA’s live global hookup at the advertised time in order to mark this auspicious occasion!

Sunday night-Monday 26-27 September / 19 Tishri
Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Eliyahu ben Shlomo Zalman, the Gaon of Vilna (1720-97).

Tuesday night-Wednesday 28-29 September / 21 Tishri
Hoshana Rabbah
Many follow the custom of staying awake for all or much of the night of Hoshana Rabba, when the entire book of Deuteronomy and the entire book of Psalms are read. After the morning Shacharit prayer and full Hallel, it is customary for all those in the synagogue who have the Four Kinds to circuit the Torah reading desk seven times while reciting the Hoshana prayers, after which the congregation offer prayers for redemption, rainfall and livelihood. At the conclusion of these prayers it is an ancient custom instituted by the prophets to take five willow branches and beat them five times on the floor.
In the afternoon of Hashana Rabbah it is proper to partake of some refreshment with the appropriate blessings in the Succah prior to leaving for the last time to go back into the house. On leaving the Succah it is fitting to recite the special prayer printed in the festival prayer book. Some have the custom of kissing the very walls of the Succah as they leave as an expression of love for the mitzvah.

According to an oral tradition from the Baal Shem Tov, one should make every effort to pray with proper concentration on Hoshana Rabbah, Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah, and this is conducive to prayer with proper concentration throughout the year.
 

Eiruv Tavshilin (Diaspora): Since the two days of Yom Tov of Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah (Thursday-Friday 30 September-1 October) are followed immediately by Shabbat, in order to cook on Yom Tov on Friday for the coming Shabbat, it is necessary to prepare Eiruv Tavshilin on Wednesday afternoon prior to the commencement of Yom Tov. For further information on the mitzva of Eiruv Tavshilin click here.

Wednesday night-Thursday 29-30 September / 22 Tishri
Shemini Atzeret, "Eighth day of Solemn Assembly" (all communities); Simchat Torah (Israel)
Both Israel and Diaspora communities celebrate Shemini Atzeret today, with Yizkor prayers for the departed and the Prayer for Rain. However, the Diaspora communities celebrate Simchat Torah separately on Thursday night and Friday. The Shemini Atzeret Torah reading in Diaspora communities is Deuteronomy 14:22 – 16:17 & Numbers 29:35 – 30:1 and the Haftara is I Kings 8:54-9:1.

In Israel, today is Simchat Torah and the Torah Reading is VE-ZOS HABRACHAH, Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12. Additional reading: Genesis 1:1-2:3. Maftir: Numbers 29:35-30:1. Haftara: Joshua 1:1-18. Thus the communities in Israel conclude the book of Deuteronomy and thereby complete the annual cycle of the Torah reading, after which we immediately initiate the new cycle with the reading of the first chapter of Genesis. Both on Wednesday night after the evening service and on Thursday morning before the Torah reading, it is customary in Israel to bring all the Torah scrolls in the synagogue out of the ark and to dance with them in a series of seven Hakafot ("circuits") around the synagogue. It is appropriate to take advantage of this joyous time for our own prayers in our own words "to learn, teach, guard and practice" the Torah. Many communities hold additional Hakafot on Yom Tov afternoon and on the following evening.

Thursday night-Friday 30 September-1 October / 23 Tishri
Issru Chag (Israel); Simchat Torah (Diaspora)
In Israel, where today is the first weekday after the conclusion of the festival season, it is proper to draw the spirit of the Tishri holidays into the rest of the year by observing Issru Chag with festive dress and meals.
In the Diaspora, Simchat Torah is celebrated today. Torah Reading for Simchas Torah (in Diaspora): VE-ZOS HABRACHAH, Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12. Additional reading: Genesis 1:1-2:3. Maftir: Numbers 29:35-30:1. Haftara: Joshua 1:1-18. See yesterday’s entry for Simchat Torah customs.

Friday night-Saturday October 1-2 / 24 Tishri
Shabbat BEREISHIT & Shabbat Mevorachin

In the Diaspora today is Issru Chag. After the conclusion of the season of the High Holidays and Succot, this is the first "regular" Shabbat of the New Year, and it is fitting to celebrate with special joy in order to draw the holiness of the beginning of the year into its continuation. The weekly
Torah Reading is Genesis. 1.1-6.8.
Today is Shabbat Mevorachim when we bless the coming month of Marcheshvan. Rosh Chodesh will be on Thursday night-Friday & Shabbat 7-9 October. The Molad (junction of the sun and moon) will be on Friday October 8, 2010 at 20 minutes and 2 halakim after 8 A.M.
Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Yaakov Yosef of Polonnoye (d. 1784) leading student of the Baal Shem Tov and author of the first chassidic work, the Toldos Yaakov Yosef, and of Rabbi Chaim Zanvill Abramovitz, the saintly Ribnitzer (or Rimnitzer) Rebbe (1902-95).

Let’s put special joy into our celebration of this Shabbat, because the way we celebrate Shabbat Bereishit sets the tone for all the Shabbatot of the new year.
 

Saturday night-Sunday 2-3 October / 25 Tishri
Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Levi Yitzchak of Berdichev (1740-1809), the great Chassidic luminary and beloved advocate of the Jewish people.

SOURCE: Azamra Institute – Jerusalem, Israel

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AZAMRA’S DIARY Sunday 12th September / 4th Tishri,5771

DIARY
4-11 Tishri 5771
12-19 September 2010

Sunday 12 September / 4 Tishri

Fast of Gedaliah (deferred from Shabbat)
Today’s fast is in memory of Gedaliah son of Achikam, Babylonian-appointed governor of Judaea after the destruction of the First Temple. His assassination (Jeremiah ch. 41) brought the last vestiges of Jewish self-rule in Israel to an end. The fast commences at dawn on Sunday and is observed until nightfall. Selichot are recited today and every weekday until Yom Kippur.

Sunday night-Monday 12-13 September / 5 Tishri

Today is the anniversary of the birth and death of Naftali son of Jacob, and on this day Rabbi Akiva was imprisoned by the Romans.

Those who have made commitments to give charity (e.g. for being called to the Torah reading etc. on the High Holidays) should be sure to fulfill their commitments promptly so as not to provide an argument for the accusing forces on Yom Kippur.

Tuesday night-Wednesday 14-15 September / 7 Elul

Today is the anniversary of the birth and death of Zebulun son of Jacob.

Thursday 16 September / 8 Tishri

Today is the anniversary of the start of the seven-day Festival of Inauguration of King Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. It is appropriate to read King Solomon’s prayer (I Kings ch 8).

Thursday night-Friday 16-17 September / 9 Tishri
Eve of Yom Kippur

It is a mitzvah to eat plentifully both on Thursday night and particularly during the day on Friday in preparation for the coming fast of Yom Kippur. Many endeavor to recite the Erev Yom Kippur Selichot around dawn, following them with Kapparot ("atonements") as found at the beginning of the Yom Kippur Machzor (prayer-book). The author of the Shulchan Aruch (Rabbi Yosef Karo) was opposed to carrying out Kapparot with chickens (on the grounds that this could degenerate into superstition) and advocated that charity money should be used instead. However, the author of the Mappa (Rabbi Moshe Isserles) defended the use of chickens as an ancient custom. After the ceremony the chickens are slaughtered by a competent shochet and given to the needy.

Since Israel are confident of G-d’s forgiveness on the coming Yom Kippur, it is customary to wear festive clothing today. It is customary to eat fish at the morning meal. One should avoid eating cheese and milk dishes, eggs, garlic and sesame etc. (to avoid vain emission of seed on Yom Kippur). Men customarily immerse in a mikveh, preferably after midday, in preparation for receiving the holiness of Yom Kippur. The afternoon Minchah service includes the full Vidui (confession). Later in the afternoon it is a mitzvah to eat Seudah Hamafseket, the final meal before the fast, which should consist of light foods. One must cease all eating and drinking shortly before the sunset. The festival candles must be lit before sunset. Prior to leaving the home for the synagogue, parents customarily bless their children with the priestly blessing, adding any other personal blessings they may choose.

Friday night-Saturday 17-18 September / 10 Tishri
Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement.

Information about the laws, customs and prayers of Yom Kippur is available in the Yom Kippur Machzor and on Internet.
Yom Kippur is the anniversary of G-d’s complete reconciliation with Israel after forgiving the sin of the golden calf. On this day Moses concluded his third forty-day stay on Mt Sinai and descended with the second Tablets of Stone. Yom Kippur is also the anniversary of the martyrdom of Rabbi Akiva at the hands of the Romans.
Following the breaking the Yom Kippur fast after nightfall on Saturday night, it is customary to begin building the Succah (in order to "go from strength to strength") unless this is impracticable on account of the limited time available prior to the festival of Succot, necessitating an earlier start.

Sunday 19 September / 11 Tishri

Today is called Shem HaShem ("the Name of HaShem", see Likutey Moharan II, 66) since His Name is "completed" through our Yom Kippur repentance and atonement. On this day, immediately following Moses’ final descent from Mount Sinai, he instructed Israel to contribute to the building of the Sanctuary, which is itself a revelation of the Name of G-d. It is appropriate to continue building and preparing the Succah — which is a also sanctuary.

During these days between Yom Kippur and Succot it is necessary to purchase one’s Lulav (1 palm branch), Etrog (1 citron), Hadass (3 myrtle branches) and Aravot (2 willow branches) in preparation for the mitzvah of the Four Kinds on the coming festival, though the Aravot should be procured at the last possible moment before the festival since they dry very quickly. (Keeping them wrapped in a damp cloth or silver paper in the refrigerator may help delay this.)

SOURCE: Azamra Institute – Jerusalem, Israel

DIARY Sunday 12th September / 4th Tishri,5771

* On Saturday night at 02:00 a.m. Israel changes *
from the summertime to wintertime clock

Sunday 12 September / 4 Tishri
Fast of Gedaliah (deferred from Shabbat)

Today’s fast is in memory of Gedaliah son of Achikam, Babylonian-appointed governor of Judaea after the destruction of the First Temple. His assassination (Jeremiah ch. 41) brought the last vestiges of Jewish self-rule in Israel to an end. The fast commences at dawn on Sunday and is observed until nightfall. Selichot are recited today and every weekday until Yom Kippur.

SOURCE: Azamra Institute – Jerusalem, Israel

Limud yomi, Shabbat Shuva – 3rd Tishrei, 5771


Courtesy of: Judaica Art & Judaica Artist/Elena Flerova

  • Daf yomi: Avodah Zarah 28
  • Yerushalmi yomi: Terumot 27
  • Mishna yomit: Demai 3:4
  • Halacha yomit: Orach Chaim 539:12
  • Shabbat Parshiot: Ha’azinu

Free Download: Kaluach3 (ver 3.2.41.24) is the latest version of Kaluach Hebrew/civil calendars, specially designed for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Win7.

DIARY
25 Elul 5770-4 Tishri 5771
3-12 September 2010

Sunday 5 September / 26 Elul
First day of Selichot (Ashkenazim)

Today the Ashkenazi communities begin to rise every weekday before the dawn until the eve of Yom Kippur for Selichot (penitential prayers), thereby joining their Sephardi brethren, who began rising for Selichot immediately after Rosh Chodesh Elul. Some communities have the practice of reciting the Selichot on Saturday night starting about an hour before midnight, i.e. near the beginning of the middle “watch” of the night. Those who did not rise for Selichot at night or before dawn may recite them after daybreak prior to the daily Shacharit morning prayer. “A few supplications with kavanah (proper intention) are better than many without” (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim, 1:4). Many have the custom of fasting on the first day of the Selichot. Those who are unable to fast from food may choose to observe a “fast from speaking”, Ta’anit Dibbur.

Monday night-Tuesday 6-7 September / 28 Elul
Anniversary of the death of King Saul and his three sons at the battle of Mt Gilboa.

Tuesday night-Wednesday 7-8 September / 29 Elul
Eve of Rosh Hashanah

It is customary to rise in the small hours of the night for the lengthy pre-dawn Selichot, known as Brit Yitzhak (“the Covenant of Isaac”), the last service of supplicatory prayers before the Day of Judgment. At the conclusion of the morning service, the Shofar is not blown. It is customary to formally annul any vows one may have made: this is done before a Beit Din of three adult males (not necessarily rabbis) according to the formula printed in the Selichot and Rosh Hashanah Machzor. Many fast today until after midday. It is customary to pray at the graves of the Tzaddikim and to give a sum of money to a righteous person for Pidyon Nefesh, “redemption of the soul”. There is an ancient custom of purchasing a knife on the eve of Rosh Hashanah as a propitious segulah for livelihood. Where possible males should immerse in a mikveh in preparation for Rosh Hashanah.

Eiruv Tavshilin: Since the two days of Yom Tov of Rosh HaShanah (Thursday-Friday 9-10 September) are followed immediately by Shabbat, in order to cook on Yom Tov day for the coming Shabbat, it is necessary to prepare Eiruv Tavshilin on Thursday afternoon prior to the commencement of Yom Tov. For further information on the mitzva of Eiruv Tavshilin click here.

“Finished are the old year and its curses!
Let the New Year and its blessings begin!”

Leshanah Tova Tikatevu Vetichatemu — May you be inscribed and sealed for a Good Year!

The Molad of Tishri is on Wednesday September 8, 2010 at 36 minutes and 1 halakim after 7 p.m.

Attributes of the month of Tishri: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: VAV KEH YOD KEH, contained in the final Hebrew letters of the words of the verse vayir’U otaH sareY par’oH, “and the ministers of Pharaoh saw her” (Genesis 11:29). The month’s corresponding letter is: LAMED; Human attribute: COITION; Body Part: GALL BLADDER; Tribe: JOSEPH; Constellation: MOZNA’IM (Libra, the Scales).

Wednesday night-Thursday 8-9 September / 1 Tishri 5771
First day of Rosh Hashanah, New Year
Information about the customs of Rosh Hashanah is widely available in the festival prayer books and online (e.g. at torah.org and chabad.org) and details have therefore not been included in this diary.

Today was the sixth day of the Six Days of Creation. The waters of the flood dried and Noah removed the cover from the ark. Sarah, Rachel and Hannah mother of Samuel were all granted children on this day, and Isaac‘s prayer for Rebecca to give birth was accepted. Sarah was born and died on this day. Isaac blessed Jacob, and Joseph was released from prison. Today is the anniversary of the death from mutilation of Rabbi Amnon of Mainz (author of the Rosh Hashanah prayer Unetanneh Tokef). In 1554 the Talmud and its commentaries were burned in Rome on orders from the pope.

Thursday night-Friday 9-10 September / 2 Tishri
Second day of Rosh Hashanah
Even though all the other Torah-ordained festivals are celebrated for only one day in Israel while Diaspora communities celebrate them for two days, Rosh Hashanah is celebrated for two days even in Israel.

Friday night-Saturday 10-11 September / 3 Tishri
Shabbat SHUVAH, Parshat HA’AZINU
Torah Reading: Deuteronomy 32: 1-52. Special Haftara for Shabbat Shuvah: Hosea 14, 2-10; Michah 7, 18-20; Joel 2, 11-27.

At the Shabbat meals many have the custom of dipping the Challah in honey as on Rosh Hashanah, and do the same at the festive meals before and after Yom Kippur, on Succot, Hoshana Rabbah and Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah.
It is customary for the rabbi of the community to deliver a special address this Shabbat on the theme of Teshuvah (Repentance) and other timely subjects.
Today is the anniversary of the start of the seven-day Festival of Inauguration of King Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. It is appropriate to read King Solomon’s prayer (I Kings ch 8).

Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Avraham Abele Gombiner, the Magen Avraham (c. 1633-83), author of one of the most important commentaries on Shulchan Aruch, and of Rabbi Yisrael Lipshitz (1782-1860), author of the Tiferet Yisrael commentary on the Mishnah.

* On Saturday night at 02:00 a.m. Israel changes *
from the summertime to wintertime clock

Sunday 12 September / 4 Tishri
Fast of Gedaliah (deferred from Shabbat)
Today’s fast is in memory of Gedaliah son of Achikam, Babylonian-appointed governor of Judaea after the destruction of the First Temple. His assassination (Jeremiah ch. 41) brought the last vestiges of Jewish self-rule in Israel to an end. The fast commences at dawn on Sunday and is observed until nightfall. Selichot are recited today and every weekday until Yom Kippur.

SOURCE:    Kaluach – Easy to use Hebrew/civil calendars
SOURCE: Azamra Institute – Jerusalem, Israel

Limud yomi, Rosh Hashanah 2 – 2nd Tishrei, 5771


Courtesy of: Judaica Art & Judaica Artist/Elena Flerova

  • Daf yomi: Avodah Zarah 27
  • Yerushalmi yomi: Terumot 26
  • Mishna yomit: Demai 3:2
  • Halacha yomit: Orach Chaim 539:9
  • Shabbat Parshiot: Ha’azinu

Free Download: Kaluach3 (ver 3.2.41.24) is the latest version of Kaluach Hebrew/civil calendars, specially designed for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Win7.

DIARY
25 Elul 5770-4 Tishri 5771
3-12 September 2010

Sunday 5 September / 26 Elul
First day of Selichot (Ashkenazim)

Today the Ashkenazi communities begin to rise every weekday before the dawn until the eve of Yom Kippur for Selichot (penitential prayers), thereby joining their Sephardi brethren, who began rising for Selichot immediately after Rosh Chodesh Elul. Some communities have the practice of reciting the Selichot on Saturday night starting about an hour before midnight, i.e. near the beginning of the middle “watch” of the night. Those who did not rise for Selichot at night or before dawn may recite them after daybreak prior to the daily Shacharit morning prayer. “A few supplications with kavanah (proper intention) are better than many without” (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim, 1:4). Many have the custom of fasting on the first day of the Selichot. Those who are unable to fast from food may choose to observe a “fast from speaking”, Ta’anit Dibbur.

Monday night-Tuesday 6-7 September / 28 Elul
Anniversary of the death of King Saul and his three sons at the battle of Mt Gilboa.

Tuesday night-Wednesday 7-8 September / 29 Elul
Eve of Rosh Hashanah

It is customary to rise in the small hours of the night for the lengthy pre-dawn Selichot, known as Brit Yitzhak (“the Covenant of Isaac”), the last service of supplicatory prayers before the Day of Judgment. At the conclusion of the morning service, the Shofar is not blown. It is customary to formally annul any vows one may have made: this is done before a Beit Din of three adult males (not necessarily rabbis) according to the formula printed in the Selichot and Rosh Hashanah Machzor. Many fast today until after midday. It is customary to pray at the graves of the Tzaddikim and to give a sum of money to a righteous person for Pidyon Nefesh, “redemption of the soul”. There is an ancient custom of purchasing a knife on the eve of Rosh Hashanah as a propitious segulah for livelihood. Where possible males should immerse in a mikveh in preparation for Rosh Hashanah.

Eiruv Tavshilin: Since the two days of Yom Tov of Rosh HaShanah (Thursday-Friday 9-10 September) are followed immediately by Shabbat, in order to cook on Yom Tov day for the coming Shabbat, it is necessary to prepare Eiruv Tavshilin on Thursday afternoon prior to the commencement of Yom Tov. For further information on the mitzva of Eiruv Tavshilin click here.

“Finished are the old year and its curses!
Let the New Year and its blessings begin!”

Leshanah Tova Tikatevu Vetichatemu — May you be inscribed and sealed for a Good Year!

The Molad of Tishri is on Wednesday September 8, 2010 at 36 minutes and 1 halakim after 7 p.m.

Attributes of the month of Tishri: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: VAV KEH YOD KEH, contained in the final Hebrew letters of the words of the verse vayir’U otaH sareY par’oH, “and the ministers of Pharaoh saw her” (Genesis 11:29). The month’s corresponding letter is: LAMED; Human attribute: COITION; Body Part: GALL BLADDER; Tribe: JOSEPH; Constellation: MOZNA’IM (Libra, the Scales).

Wednesday night-Thursday 8-9 September / 1 Tishri 5771
First day of Rosh Hashanah, New Year
Information about the customs of Rosh Hashanah is widely available in the festival prayer books and online (e.g. at torah.org and chabad.org) and details have therefore not been included in this diary.

Today was the sixth day of the Six Days of Creation. The waters of the flood dried and Noah removed the cover from the ark. Sarah, Rachel and Hannah mother of Samuel were all granted children on this day, and Isaac‘s prayer for Rebecca to give birth was accepted. Sarah was born and died on this day. Isaac blessed Jacob, and Joseph was released from prison. Today is the anniversary of the death from mutilation of Rabbi Amnon of Mainz (author of the Rosh Hashanah prayer Unetanneh Tokef). In 1554 the Talmud and its commentaries were burned in Rome on orders from the pope.

Thursday night-Friday 9-10 September / 2 Tishri
Second day of Rosh Hashanah
Even though all the other Torah-ordained festivals are celebrated for only one day in Israel while Diaspora communities celebrate them for two days, Rosh Hashanah is celebrated for two days even in Israel.

Friday night-Saturday 10-11 September / 3 Tishri
Shabbat SHUVAH, Parshat HA’AZINU
Torah Reading: Deuteronomy 32: 1-52. Special Haftara for Shabbat Shuvah: Hosea 14, 2-10; Michah 7, 18-20; Joel 2, 11-27.

At the Shabbat meals many have the custom of dipping the Challah in honey as on Rosh Hashanah, and do the same at the festive meals before and after Yom Kippur, on Succot, Hoshana Rabbah and Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah.
It is customary for the rabbi of the community to deliver a special address this Shabbat on the theme of Teshuvah (Repentance) and other timely subjects.
Today is the anniversary of the start of the seven-day Festival of Inauguration of King Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. It is appropriate to read King Solomon’s prayer (I Kings ch 8).

Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Avraham Abele Gombiner, the Magen Avraham (c. 1633-83), author of one of the most important commentaries on Shulchan Aruch, and of Rabbi Yisrael Lipshitz (1782-1860), author of the Tiferet Yisrael commentary on the Mishnah.

* On Saturday night at 02:00 a.m. Israel changes *
from the summertime to wintertime clock

Sunday 12 September / 4 Tishri
Fast of Gedaliah (deferred from Shabbat)
Today’s fast is in memory of Gedaliah son of Achikam, Babylonian-appointed governor of Judaea after the destruction of the First Temple. His assassination (Jeremiah ch. 41) brought the last vestiges of Jewish self-rule in Israel to an end. The fast commences at dawn on Sunday and is observed until nightfall. Selichot are recited today and every weekday until Yom Kippur.

SOURCE:    Kaluach – Easy to use Hebrew/civil calendars
SOURCE: Azamra Institute – Jerusalem, Israel

Limud yomi, Rosh Hashanah 1 – 1st Tishrei, 5771


Courtesy of: Judaica Art & Judaica Artist/Elena Flerova

  • Daf yomi: Avodah Zarah 26
  • Yerushalmi yomi: Terumot 25
  • Mishna yomit: Demai 2:5
  • Halacha yomit: Orach Chaim 539:6
  • Shabbat Parshiot: Ha’azinu

Free Download: Kaluach3 (ver 3.2.41.24) is the latest version of Kaluach Hebrew/civil calendars, specially designed for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Win7.

DIARY
25 Elul 5770-4 Tishri 5771
3-12 September 2010

Sunday 5 September / 26 Elul
First day of Selichot (Ashkenazim)

Today the Ashkenazi communities begin to rise every weekday before the dawn until the eve of Yom Kippur for Selichot (penitential prayers), thereby joining their Sephardi brethren, who began rising for Selichot immediately after Rosh Chodesh Elul. Some communities have the practice of reciting the Selichot on Saturday night starting about an hour before midnight, i.e. near the beginning of the middle “watch” of the night. Those who did not rise for Selichot at night or before dawn may recite them after daybreak prior to the daily Shacharit morning prayer. “A few supplications with kavanah (proper intention) are better than many without” (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim, 1:4). Many have the custom of fasting on the first day of the Selichot. Those who are unable to fast from food may choose to observe a “fast from speaking”, Ta’anit Dibbur.

Monday night-Tuesday 6-7 September / 28 Elul
Anniversary of the death of King Saul and his three sons at the battle of Mt Gilboa.

Tuesday night-Wednesday 7-8 September / 29 Elul
Eve of Rosh Hashanah

It is customary to rise in the small hours of the night for the lengthy pre-dawn Selichot, known as Brit Yitzhak (“the Covenant of Isaac”), the last service of supplicatory prayers before the Day of Judgment. At the conclusion of the morning service, the Shofar is not blown. It is customary to formally annul any vows one may have made: this is done before a Beit Din of three adult males (not necessarily rabbis) according to the formula printed in the Selichot and Rosh Hashanah Machzor. Many fast today until after midday. It is customary to pray at the graves of the Tzaddikim and to give a sum of money to a righteous person for Pidyon Nefesh, “redemption of the soul”. There is an ancient custom of purchasing a knife on the eve of Rosh Hashanah as a propitious segulah for livelihood. Where possible males should immerse in a mikveh in preparation for Rosh Hashanah.

Eiruv Tavshilin: Since the two days of Yom Tov of Rosh HaShanah (Thursday-Friday 9-10 September) are followed immediately by Shabbat, in order to cook on Yom Tov day for the coming Shabbat, it is necessary to prepare Eiruv Tavshilin on Thursday afternoon prior to the commencement of Yom Tov. For further information on the mitzva of Eiruv Tavshilin click here.

“Finished are the old year and its curses!
Let the New Year and its blessings begin!”

Leshanah Tova Tikatevu Vetichatemu — May you be inscribed and sealed for a Good Year!

The Molad of Tishri is on Wednesday September 8, 2010 at 36 minutes and 1 halakim after 7 p.m.

Attributes of the month of Tishri: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: VAV KEH YOD KEH, contained in the final Hebrew letters of the words of the verse vayir’U otaH sareY par’oH, “and the ministers of Pharaoh saw her” (Genesis 11:29). The month’s corresponding letter is: LAMED; Human attribute: COITION; Body Part: GALL BLADDER; Tribe: JOSEPH; Constellation: MOZNA’IM (Libra, the Scales).

Wednesday night-Thursday 8-9 September / 1 Tishri 5771
First day of Rosh Hashanah, New Year
Information about the customs of Rosh Hashanah is widely available in the festival prayer books and online (e.g. at torah.org and chabad.org) and details have therefore not been included in this diary.

Today was the sixth day of the Six Days of Creation. The waters of the flood dried and Noah removed the cover from the ark. Sarah, Rachel and Hannah mother of Samuel were all granted children on this day, and Isaac‘s prayer for Rebecca to give birth was accepted. Sarah was born and died on this day. Isaac blessed Jacob, and Joseph was released from prison. Today is the anniversary of the death from mutilation of Rabbi Amnon of Mainz (author of the Rosh Hashanah prayer Unetanneh Tokef). In 1554 the Talmud and its commentaries were burned in Rome on orders from the pope.

Thursday night-Friday 9-10 September / 2 Tishri
Second day of Rosh Hashanah
Even though all the other Torah-ordained festivals are celebrated for only one day in Israel while Diaspora communities celebrate them for two days, Rosh Hashanah is celebrated for two days even in Israel.

Friday night-Saturday 10-11 September / 3 Tishri
Shabbat SHUVAH, Parshat HA’AZINU
Torah Reading: Deuteronomy 32: 1-52. Special Haftara for Shabbat Shuvah: Hosea 14, 2-10; Michah 7, 18-20; Joel 2, 11-27.

At the Shabbat meals many have the custom of dipping the Challah in honey as on Rosh Hashanah, and do the same at the festive meals before and after Yom Kippur, on Succot, Hoshana Rabbah and Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah.
It is customary for the rabbi of the community to deliver a special address this Shabbat on the theme of Teshuvah (Repentance) and other timely subjects.
Today is the anniversary of the start of the seven-day Festival of Inauguration of King Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. It is appropriate to read King Solomon’s prayer (I Kings ch 8).

Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Avraham Abele Gombiner, the Magen Avraham (c. 1633-83), author of one of the most important commentaries on Shulchan Aruch, and of Rabbi Yisrael Lipshitz (1782-1860), author of the Tiferet Yisrael commentary on the Mishnah.

* On Saturday night at 02:00 a.m. Israel changes *
from the summertime to wintertime clock

Sunday 12 September / 4 Tishri
Fast of Gedaliah (deferred from Shabbat)
Today’s fast is in memory of Gedaliah son of Achikam, Babylonian-appointed governor of Judaea after the destruction of the First Temple. His assassination (Jeremiah ch. 41) brought the last vestiges of Jewish self-rule in Israel to an end. The fast commences at dawn on Sunday and is observed until nightfall. Selichot are recited today and every weekday until Yom Kippur.

SOURCE:    Kaluach – Easy to use Hebrew/civil calendars
SOURCE: Azamra Institute – Jerusalem, Israel

Limud yomi, 29th Elul, 5770


Courtesy of: Judaica Art & Judaica Artist/Elena Flerova

  • Daf yomi: Avodah Zarah 25
  • Yerushalmi yomi: Terumot 24
  • Mishna yomit: Demai 2:3
  • Halacha yomit: Orach Chaim 539:3
  • Tanach yomi: Divrei Hayamim Seder 10
  • Shabbat Parshiot: Ha’azinu

Free Download: Kaluach3 (ver 3.2.41.24) is the latest version of Kaluach Hebrew/civil calendars, specially designed for Windows 2000/XP/Vista/Win7.

DIARY
25 Elul 5770-4 Tishri 5771
3-12 September 2010

Sunday 5 September / 26 Elul
First day of Selichot (Ashkenazim)

Today the Ashkenazi communities begin to rise every weekday before the dawn until the eve of Yom Kippur for Selichot (penitential prayers), thereby joining their Sephardi brethren, who began rising for Selichot immediately after Rosh Chodesh Elul. Some communities have the practice of reciting the Selichot on Saturday night starting about an hour before midnight, i.e. near the beginning of the middle “watch” of the night. Those who did not rise for Selichot at night or before dawn may recite them after daybreak prior to the daily Shacharit morning prayer. “A few supplications with kavanah (proper intention) are better than many without” (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim, 1:4). Many have the custom of fasting on the first day of the Selichot. Those who are unable to fast from food may choose to observe a “fast from speaking”, Ta’anit Dibbur.

Monday night-Tuesday 6-7 September / 28 Elul
Anniversary of the death of King Saul and his three sons at the battle of Mt Gilboa.

Tuesday night-Wednesday 7-8 September / 29 Elul
Eve of Rosh Hashanah

It is customary to rise in the small hours of the night for the lengthy pre-dawn Selichot, known as Brit Yitzhak (“the Covenant of Isaac”), the last service of supplicatory prayers before the Day of Judgment. At the conclusion of the morning service, the Shofar is not blown. It is customary to formally annul any vows one may have made: this is done before a Beit Din of three adult males (not necessarily rabbis) according to the formula printed in the Selichot and Rosh Hashanah Machzor. Many fast today until after midday. It is customary to pray at the graves of the Tzaddikim and to give a sum of money to a righteous person for Pidyon Nefesh, “redemption of the soul”. There is an ancient custom of purchasing a knife on the eve of Rosh Hashanah as a propitious segulah for livelihood. Where possible males should immerse in a mikveh in preparation for Rosh Hashanah.

Eiruv Tavshilin: Since the two days of Yom Tov of Rosh HaShanah (Thursday-Friday 9-10 September) are followed immediately by Shabbat, in order to cook on Yom Tov day for the coming Shabbat, it is necessary to prepare Eiruv Tavshilin on Thursday afternoon prior to the commencement of Yom Tov. For further information on the mitzva of Eiruv Tavshilin click here.

“Finished are the old year and its curses!
Let the New Year and its blessings begin!”

Leshanah Tova Tikatevu Vetichatemu — May you be inscribed and sealed for a Good Year!

The Molad of Tishri is on Wednesday September 8, 2010 at 36 minutes and 1 halakim after 7 p.m.

Attributes of the month of Tishri: Ruling permutation of the letters of HAVAYAH: VAV KEH YOD KEH, contained in the final Hebrew letters of the words of the verse vayir’U otaH sareY par’oH, “and the ministers of Pharaoh saw her” (Genesis 11:29). The month’s corresponding letter is: LAMED; Human attribute: COITION; Body Part: GALL BLADDER; Tribe: JOSEPH; Constellation: MOZNA’IM (Libra, the Scales).

Wednesday night-Thursday 8-9 September / 1 Tishri 5771
First day of Rosh Hashanah, New Year
Information about the customs of Rosh Hashanah is widely available in the festival prayer books and online (e.g. at torah.org and chabad.org) and details have therefore not been included in this diary.

Today was the sixth day of the Six Days of Creation. The waters of the flood dried and Noah removed the cover from the ark. Sarah, Rachel and Hannah mother of Samuel were all granted children on this day, and Isaac‘s prayer for Rebecca to give birth was accepted. Sarah was born and died on this day. Isaac blessed Jacob, and Joseph was released from prison. Today is the anniversary of the death from mutilation of Rabbi Amnon of Mainz (author of the Rosh Hashanah prayer Unetanneh Tokef). In 1554 the Talmud and its commentaries were burned in Rome on orders from the pope.

Thursday night-Friday 9-10 September / 2 Tishri
Second day of Rosh Hashanah
Even though all the other Torah-ordained festivals are celebrated for only one day in Israel while Diaspora communities celebrate them for two days, Rosh Hashanah is celebrated for two days even in Israel.

Friday night-Saturday 10-11 September / 3 Tishri
Shabbat SHUVAH, Parshat HA’AZINU
Torah Reading: Deuteronomy 32: 1-52. Special Haftara for Shabbat Shuvah: Hosea 14, 2-10; Michah 7, 18-20; Joel 2, 11-27.

At the Shabbat meals many have the custom of dipping the Challah in honey as on Rosh Hashanah, and do the same at the festive meals before and after Yom Kippur, on Succot, Hoshana Rabbah and Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah.
It is customary for the rabbi of the community to deliver a special address this Shabbat on the theme of Teshuvah (Repentance) and other timely subjects.
Today is the anniversary of the start of the seven-day Festival of Inauguration of King Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. It is appropriate to read King Solomon’s prayer (I Kings ch 8).

Today is the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Avraham Abele Gombiner, the Magen Avraham (c. 1633-83), author of one of the most important commentaries on Shulchan Aruch, and of Rabbi Yisrael Lipshitz (1782-1860), author of the Tiferet Yisrael commentary on the Mishnah.

* On Saturday night at 02:00 a.m. Israel changes *
from the summertime to wintertime clock

Sunday 12 September / 4 Tishri
Fast of Gedaliah (deferred from Shabbat)
Today’s fast is in memory of Gedaliah son of Achikam, Babylonian-appointed governor of Judaea after the destruction of the First Temple. His assassination (Jeremiah ch. 41) brought the last vestiges of Jewish self-rule in Israel to an end. The fast commences at dawn on Sunday and is observed until nightfall. Selichot are recited today and every weekday until Yom Kippur.

SOURCE:    Kaluach – Easy to use Hebrew/civil calendars
SOURCE: Azamra Institute – Jerusalem, Israel