Tefillos for Rav Shlomo Brevda

Yidden are asked to recite Tehillim and learn Torah for Rav Shlomo Brevda, who is in need of a refuah sheleimah. He is hospitalized in the ICU and is in serious condition.in serious condition.

Rav Brevda is one of the most well-known maggidei shiur and darshanim and has delivered thousands of drashos in Jewish communities worldwide.

Rav Brevda is the author of numerous seforim, including volumes on Yomim Tovim. His writings on the Torah of the Vilna Gaon and the Gaon’s seforim in aggadah and Kabbolah are particularly well known.

The name for Tehillim is Rav Shlomo Leib ben Miriam.

May we only hear besuros tovos.


Gilad Shalit, a Prayer, a Thought, a Hashtag

Gilad Shalit

Dear Brethren:

It’s going to be 1158 days since Gilad Shalit has been kidnapped! Despite relentless efforts from his family, friends and support from politicians and friends around the world he still remains in captivity.

We have not forgotten Gilad, We will not forget him and we will not stop praying for his freedom.

Please send this post to your communities, to your friends and post it on facebook.

Gilad Shalit was born in Nahariya, raised in Mitzpe Hilla, in the Western Galilee. He is the son of Aviva and Noam Shalit and brother of Yoel and Hadas.

Gilad began his military service at the end of July 2005. He preferred to serve in a combat unit despite the fact that he could have avoided combat duty due to a low medical profile. Gilad was highly motivated. He overcame all the obstacles facing a combat recruit of the armored forces and successfully ended his training a few months later. For the last couple of months he had been on duty guarding and ensuring the security of the settlements around Gaza.

Gilad is a well-mannered, quiet and introverted young man. An almost permanent shy and hesitant smile light up his face. Gilad is always volunteering to help everyone; even on his short vacations from the army he helped his parents run their “Bed & Breakfast”.

Since the attack at Kerem Shalom on Sunday, 06/25/2006, Gilad has been held in the Gaza Strip by Hamas.

Today Jewish bloggers will join together as a world wide community to show our solidarity for Gilad forming a unbreakable light that will remind the world that we have not forgotten our soldier, our son Gilad.

Those on Twoozer, Twitter, Identica, etc, should tweet the good deed or mitzvah they are doing in Shalit’s honor, along with the hashtag #GiladShalit. Interested readers who do not have Twitter can register on twoozer.com/ & twitter.com/ for free.

May the Holy One, Blessed be He, show Gilad mercy, increase his strength, remove his pain and send him a recovery of body and recovery of spirit, may Hashem return Gilad Shalit to the bosom of his family, swiftly and soon.

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DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 11th Sivan, 5769


DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 11th Sivan, 5769

Chabad org

By Malka Touger

Negative Commandment 16
You shall not urge another Jew to worship idols

Deuteronomy 13:12 “And you shall do no more wickedness like this among you

We are forbidden to encourage a fellow Jew to worship idols. Someone who disobeys this commandment is called a “Maysit.”

Negative Commandment 17
You shall not be attracted to a “Maysit”

Deuteronomy 13:9 “Do not be attracted to him

The “Musat” (the individual that the “Maysit” is trying to attract to worship idols) is not allowed to be attracted to a Maysit or to show love for him.

Negative Commandment 18
You shall not listen to a “Maysit,” nor soften your hatred of him

Deuteronomy 13:9 “Nor (shall you) listen to him

The Musat must show hatred towards the Maysit.

The Torah wants us to understand that the only way to insure that the Maysit will not be able to convince others to worship idols is to show that we do not love him (Negative Mitzvah 17) and that we do, indeed, hate him.

Negative Commandment 19
You shall not pity a “Maysit”

Deuteronomy 13:9 “Nor shall your eye pity him

The Musat is not allowed to have pity on a Maysit, nor is he allowed to help him in times of need, even if his life is in danger.

Negative Commandment 20
You shall not try to spare a “Maysit”

Deuteronomy 13:9 “Nor shall you spare (him)

The Musat is not allowed to justify what the Maysit is trying to do.

Additionally, the Musat is forbidden to plead for the Maysit in court, even if he knows of something that can be said in favor of the Maysit.

Negative Commandment 21
You shall not conceal evidence that is harmful to the “Maysit”

Deuteronomy 13:9 “Nor shall you cover up for him

The Musat is not allowed to conceal any evidence about the Maysit which may lead to his conviction and punishment.

Negative Commandment 26
You shall not prophecy in the name of idols

Deuteronomy 18:20 “[The prophet]… that shall speak in the name of other gods

HaShem has chosen prophets as teachers and guides for the Jewish people.

We must listen to a prophet because he is bringing us the words and message of HaShem.

A true prophet is loyal to the Torah.

This prohibition tells us that a person is not allowed to give prophecy in the name of false gods and idols.

If such a prophecy is given, then we immediately know that it is false, (see Negative Mitzvah 27 and 28).

Negative Commandment 28
You shall not listen to the prophecy of someone who prophesies in the name of an idol

Deuteronomy 13:4 “Do not listen to the words of that prophet

This Negative Mitzvah cautions us not to heed the words of a false prophet.

The Torah itself has given us specific guidelines so that we may distinguish a true prophet from a false one.

If a person prophesies in the name of an idol we are commanded not to listen to him, nor demand any proof or signs from him.

Once the name of an idol or another G-d is mentioned, that, itself, proves to us that the individual is a false prophet.

Negative Commandment 27
You shall not utter a false prophecy

Deuteronomy 18:20 “But the prophet who shall presume to speak a word in My name which I have not commanded him to speak

A person is forbidden to give a prophecy in the name of HaShem, when in fact, HaShem never instructed him to give such a prophecy.

Negative Commandment 29
You shall not fear (or show pity for) a false prophet

Deuteronomy 18:22 “You shall not fear him

A person who announces that he is a prophet and then begins to declare his false prophecies can sometimes sound very convincing.

Just like others who lie, he is careful to say things that people want to hear, hoping they will believe that he is a true prophet and that what he says is true. Still there is no need to be afraid of his threats.

This Negative Mitzvah warns us not to fear the false prophet nor show any pity towards him.

Negative Commandment 14
You shall not swear in the name of false gods

Exodus 23:13 “Make no mention of the name of other gods

At times, a person may be required to take an oath in court, in order to show that he is telling the truth.

When the oath is given, the person will choose to swear in the name of something that is holy and important to him. This helps to convince others that he is sincere.

We are not allowed to swear in the name of any idol or G-d.

If we are dealing with someone who believes in idols, we are forbidden to allow him to take an oath using the name of the idol.

Negative Commandment 8
“Ov” – A specific type of idol-worship

Leviticus 19:31 “Do not turn to mediums

This type of idol-worship involves ceremonial acts carried out to try to communicate with the dead. We are forbidden to practice this kind of idol-worship.

Negative Commandment 9
“Yidde’oni” – A specific type of idol-worship

Leviticus 19:31 “Do not turn to oracles

This involves ritual acts and meditation as a means of imaginary prophecy. We are forbidden to practice this kind of idol-worship.

Negative Commandment 7
“Molech” – A specific form of idol-worship

Leviticus 18:21 “Do not give any of your children to set them apart to Molech

In ancient times, the worship of “Molech” – an Ammonite G-d – was very common.

The worship of Molech required that children be used for the ritual ceremony. We are forbidden to practice this specific type of idol-worship.

From: my free Subscription Daily Mitzvah (Maimonides) Email Newsletter: Chabad.org

DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 10th Sivan, 5769


DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 10th Sivan, 5769

Chabad org

By Malka Touger

Negative Commandment 10
You shall not seek information about idol-worship

Leviticus 19:4 “Do not turn to idols

This prohibition warns us not to even attempt to understand what idol-worshipers do, even if we are only curious about it and never intend to practice it ourselves.

The Torah understands that sometimes even honest curiosity can be dangerous, just like it was for Avi…

Avi lives in a small town in Israel and his father is often called for military service in the army.

Once, on a day’s leave from his army base, Avi’s father came home with his gun.

Avi stared at the gun curiously and begged his father to let him hold it.

“Please, Daddy,” pleaded Avi, “just show me how it works.” “No, Avi, you must never play with a gun!”, his father said. “But I won’t use it” argued Avi. “I only want to look at it and hold it!”

His father refused and put the rifle away so Avi could not get to it. Avi’s father knew that curiosity could lead to an accident.

So too, the Torah does not want us to practice any type of idol-worship.

It knows that curiosity might lead to other things.

Therefore, we are forbidden to even ask about any type of idol-worship or its practices.


Negative Commandment 47
You shall not believe in ideas that oppose the Torah.

Numbers 15:39 “And that you seek not after your own heart and your own eyes

Benny tried to do his best all month.

He studied at school, did his chores at home and listened to his parents.

Benny’s mother noticed how hard her son was trying and decided that he deserved a present.

“You know, Benny,” she said, “you have made me very proud of you. Tomorrow we’ll go to the toy store and you can pick out anything you want!”

Benny was overjoyed, but the next day when they arrived at the store, he walked up and down the isles frowning.

“What’s wrong, Benny?”, his mother asked.

“There are so many toys I’d like to have and so much to choose from,” Benny answered with a sigh. “I know we can’t buy them all, but it’s so hard to pick just one from all these toys!”

“You’re right, Benny,” his mother answered, “but I think I have a solution to your problem. We will set limits to which toy you can pick.”

“First, you can’t spend more than twelve dollars. Second, try to pick something you can share with other children. Third, choose a game that you won’t get tired of quickly.”

“Thanks, Mom!”, exclaimed Benny. “You’ve given me some good ideas. I’ll use those rules and it should be easier to pick just the toy I want.”

Like those rows and rows of toys in the store, there are many things that we see and experience that attract us.

The world offers so many temptations that it may seem impossible to decide what is the right way to think, eat, dress, behave, and act.

The Torah and its Mitzvot set guidelines for us to follow, and show us the path we should choose. The Mitzvot point us in the right direction so that we may fulfill the will of HaShem.

This Negative Mitzvah cautions us to use the guidelines that are in the Torah and follow the Mitzvot so that we should not just accept anything that comes our way.

We must be extremely careful and attempt to always choose and act in a manner that befits a Torah life-style.


Negative Commandment 60
You shall not curse G-d

Exodus 22:27 “Do not curse G-d”

This Negative Mitzvah is often called “Birkat HaShem,” which literally means “blessing HaShem.”

We do not even want to call this terrible offense by it’s real name – so the opposite term is used.

We are forbidden to curse HaShem.

This Negative Mitzvah also prohibits one from cursing judges.

We must honor and respect judges and realize that their decisions help us fulfill the Torah and Mitzvot.


Negative Commandment 6
You shall not worship idols with any other service

Exodus 20:5 “Do not worship them

We are forbidden to worship idols with any other form of service that was not mentioned in Negative Mitzvah 5.


Negative Commandment 5
You shall not bow down to nor worship idols with any services that are used to honor G-d

Exodus 20:5 “Do not bow down to them

We are forbidden to bow down to idols, offer sacrifices, burn incense, or pour wine or other liquid offerings in worship of idols.


Negative Commandment 2
You shall not make idols

Exodus 20:4 “Do not make any carved idols for yourself

We are not allowed to make idols, carve statues, draw pictures or create any other forms or shapes that will be used for idol- worship.


Negative Commandment 3
You shall not make idols for another person

Leviticus 19:4 “Do not make gods out of metal, for yourselves”

We are forbidden to make idols, even when that idol will be used by another person, or by a non-Jew.


Negative Commandment 4
You shall not make statues of animals or men even if they are not made for idol-worship

Exodus 20:20 “Do not make with Me gods of silver, neither shall you make for yourselves gods of gold

We are forbidden to make statues of animals or men because other people may consider them to be idols.

Making these statues is forbidden even if the person who makes these statues did not intend them to be used for idol worship.


Negative Commandment 15
You shall not urge other people to worship idols

Exodus 23:13 “Neither let it be heard out of your mouth

On a hot summer day a group of boys huddled around the fire hydrant down the block.

One boy urged his friends to unscrew the tap.

He described the fun they would have enjoying the refreshing rush of cool water.

He did not dare unscrew the tap himself, but rather, tried to convince others to do it.

The Torah forbids us to suggest to other people that they worship idols even if we do not intend to worship idols ourselves.

A person who disobeys this prohibition is called a “Madiach”


Positive Commandment 186
Dealing with a City of Idol-Worshipers

Deuteronomy 13:17 “And burn the city with fire

If it is reported that some non-believers convinced most of the people of their city to worship idols, that city must be punished, but only after careful investigation.

If, in fact, the people have involved themselves in idol worship, the Torah commands us to kill all the idol-worshipers and totally destroy that city.


Negative Commandment 23
You shall not rebuild the Apostate city

Deuteronomy 13:17 “It shall remain a ruin forever, it shall not be built again

A city whose people had been led astray and worshipped idols, is called a “Nidachat City,” an “apostate city.”

The Torah teaches us what to do with such a city (See positive Mitzvah 186).

First, a detailed investigation must be made in order to declare it “Nidachat.”

If the charge is proven to be true, then the city must be destroyed.

This Negative Mitzvah prohibits us from ever rebuilding this “Nidachat” city again.


Negative Commandment 24
You shall not benefit from any object or property from the Apostate city

Deuteronomy 13:18 “Let nothing that has been condemned to destruction remain in your hand

We are forbidden to use or benefit from any item that belonged to the Nidachat city, (see above, Negative Mitzvah 23).


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From: my free Subscription Daily Mitzvah (Maimonides) Email Newsletter: Chabad.org

DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 9th Sivan, 5769


DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 9th Sivan, 5769

Chabad org

By Malka Touger

Positive Commandment 209
Respecting the Sages and the Elderly

Leviticus 19:32 “You shall stand up before an elderly person and give respect to a sage

A learned sage and an elderly person have gained much knowledge through their studies and life experience. It is appropriate to respect these achievements.

We are commanded to honor the sages and the elderly.

We can do this by offering them a seat on the bus, listening attentively to their words, not contradicting their opinions and always being respectful.

We should especially try to keep this Positive Mitzvah with our own grandparents, whom we should try to visit often and enable them to enjoy our company. If they live far away, we can write them letters and send pictures. When they tell us stories, we should show interest, even if we have heard them before!


From: my free Subscription Daily Mitzvah (Maimonides) Email Newsletter: Chabad.org

DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 8th Sivan, 5769


DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 8th Sivan, 5769

Chabad org

By Malka Touger

Positive Commandment 11
Studying and Teaching the Torah

Deuteronomy 6:7 “And you shall teach them diligently to your children.”

Is your father a doctor? An accountant? A computer programmer?

The Torah actually encourages him to be a teacher, as well!

Besides the profession your father may have chosen, he is commanded to teach his children Torah.

He must also try to teach other Jews the Torah, because students are also called “children.”

When you grow up, this same Mitzvah obligates you to study Torah yourself and to teach it to others.


From: my free Subscription Daily Mitzvah (Maimonides) Email Newsletter: Chabad.org

DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 5th Sivan, 5769


DAILY MITZVAH (Maimonides): 5th Sivan, 5769

Chabad org

By Malka Touger

Negative Commandment 64
You shall not test the promises or warnings of G-d.

Deuteronomy 6:16 “Do not test the L-rd, your G-d

The prophets, who were messengers of HaShem, often gave promises or warnings of what would happen in the future.

Sometimes the prophets spoke of blessing and peace, sometimes they threatened the Jewish people with punishment if they did not do Teshuvah.

This prohibition warns us against trying to test to see if the promises or warnings of HaShem will come true.


Positive Commandment 8
Following and imitating G-d’s ways.

Deuteronomy 28:9 “And walk in His ways

“What a nice boy Benny is, you should be like him!”

“You could learn a thing or two from that lovely friend of yours!”

“I wish you would act like Judy does. She’s so kind and thoughtful!”

Do your parents and teachers point at well-mannered friends, suggesting that you behave like they do?

With this Positive Mitzvah, the Torah teaches us that we must learn from the beautiful, merciful and kind ways of HaShem and commands us to imitate them.


Positive Commandment 6
Clinging to the Sages

Deuteronomy 11:22 “And cleave to Him

As Debby’s mother came home from shopping, Debby exclaimed: “Mommy, did you buy perfume?”

“No, I didn’t buy any, but I did browse in the perfume department.

How did you know?” her mother asked in surprise.

“You smell great!” Debby answered. “Even your coat has a lovely smell!”

We are commanded to spend as much time as we can among wise and righteous people. We will see their good deeds and learn from them. Being in the company of such people will influence us.

Just as perfume spreads its beautiful aroma and clings to all those that come near it, so, too, the ways of the righteous will inspire us to better ourselves and act as they do.


Positive Commandment 206
Loving Our Fellow Jew

Leviticus 19:18 “Love Your Neighbor As Yourself

Everyone likes having friends. Some friends are especially close to us because they make us feel good and we enjoy their company. Some people have business friends they like to deal with. Some people have friends they like to study with. Others have buddies they like to play with.

The Torah wants us to love a fellow Jew, not just because he makes us feel good and happy. There are many people who we don’t even know well enough to even like. Still, the Torah tells us to love all our fellow Jews, no matter what they may have to offer us.

How much must we like our fellow Jew? The Torah says to look in the mirror. How much do you like yourself. Most of us like ourselves so much that we overlook our own faults and justify whatever we do. The Torah requires that we look at our fellow Jew in the same way. We are commanded to love him, as we love ourselves; want for him what we ourselves desire; and never do anything to him that we wouldn’t want done to ourselves.


From: my free Subscription Daily Mitzvah (Maimonides) Email Newsletter: Chabad.org